Neuroimaging essential for Zika cases

Seventy-one of 110 Brazilian infants at the highest risk for experiencing problems due to exposure to the Zika virus in the womb experienced a wide spectrum of brain abnormalities, including calcifications and malformations in cortical development, according to a study published July 31, 2019 in JAMA Network Open. The infants were born at the height of Brazil’s Zika epidemic, a […]

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Trees an oasis of mental well-being

(HealthDay)—City dwellers who live on tree-lined streets might be happier and healthier for it, a large new study suggests. The study, of nearly 47,000 urban residents, found that those who lived in areas shaded by tree canopy reported less psychological distress and better general health over six years. Green grass, on the other hand, didn’t cut it: People in neighborhoods […]

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Forgiving your boss can increase job satisfaction

Workers should consider forgiving their boss for mistakes because doing so boosts their own job satisfaction, according to research from the University of Exeter Business School. The study focused on the relationship between managers and their staff and investigated what happened if those employees were able to forgive their bosses for their transgressions. “By its very nature, the act of […]

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Discovery enables clear identification of diseased beta cells in type 2 diabetes

Researchers at Joslin Diabetes Center, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School, have unlocked the key to clearly identifying diseased beta cells in type 2 diabetes. This discovery has both research and therapeutic implications. Studies of diabetes rely on the ability of researchers to sort diseased cells from healthy cells. For years, researchers have noted that typical RNA sequencing analysis of […]

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Previous silent MI often found at autopsy in sudden cardiac death

(HealthDay)—Autopsies show that more than 40 percent of individuals who experience sudden cardiac death (SCD) associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) have had a previously undetected myocardial infarction, according to a study published online July 10 in JAMA Cardiology. Juha H. Vähätalo, M.D., from the University of Oulu in Finland, and colleagues compared autopsy findings, clinical characteristics, and electrocardiographic (ECG) […]

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Hospitals key in the spread of extremely drug-resistant bacteria in Europe

New research has found that antibiotic-resistant strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae, an opportunistic pathogen that can cause respiratory and bloodstream infections in humans, are spreading through hospitals in Europe. Certain strains of K. pneumoniae are resistant to the carbapenem antibiotics that represent the last line of defence in treating infections and are therefore regarded as extremely drug resistant (XDR). During a […]

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Maori rates of subsequent injury disproportionately high

A ground-breaking University of Otago study has found Māori experience disproportionately higher rates of subsequent injuries within two years of their initial injury. Dr. Emma Wyeth, a senior lecturer and director of the Ngāi Tahu Māori Health Research Unit in the Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, is the lead author of Subsequent injuries experienced by Māori, which features in […]

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The type of psychological intervention a teen gets depends on parent’s mental health

A parent’s level of psychological distress may influence how well adolescents in the juvenile justice system respond to mental health interventions for substance use and sexual risk, according to a researcher at FIU’s Center for Children and Families. The study found that adolescents with highly distressed parents did better with a family-based intervention, whereas adolescents with mildly or not distressed […]

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Sclerosing agent delivery improvements to protect against malignant pleural effusion

Preclinical trials were held on mice. Senior Research Associate Alexander Deneka (Laboratory of Molecular and Biochemical Bases of Pathogenesis and Therapy of Cancer Diseases, Kazan Federal University) explains that the method in question was first proposed by British scientists; they proved that liquid can be drained from a pleural cavity with the help of a talcum powder solution. Tests showed […]

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