Gender Bias in Cardiovascular Science

IntroductionGender Bias in Cardiovascular Disease ManagementDelay in Seeking Medical HelpMisdiagnosisUndertreatmentSteps to FollowReferencesFurther Reading Gender bias against women in the field of cardiovascular diseases has been known for decades. Women with cardiovascular disorders are more likely to be misdiagnosed and/or undertreated and have higher mortality rates than men. Cardiovascular disease. Image Credit: Emily frost/Shutterstock.com Gender bias in cardiovascular disease management Cardiovascular […]

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How Will Open Access Research Help Tackle Future Pandemics?

IntroductionGlobal Initiatives for Open Access Research During the COVID-19 PandemicCORD-19Data SharingThe Impact of Open Research on the COVID-19 Pandemic The Role of Open Access in Tackling Future PandemicsReferencesFurther Reading Open access research has transformed scholarly communication. This is because it has enabled the free flow of scientific information, both new and old, among scientists, which has been extremely useful to their […]

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Biological Changes During Fatherhood

Testosterone changes in response to fatherhoodNeural changes that accompany fatherhoodBrain-level changes in the transition to fatherhoodChanges in prolactin in response to fatherhoodNeuro-endocrine changes caused by fatherhoodReferencesFurther reading  Humans undergo several neural and endocrine changes after the birth of their infant, which are thought to be associated with the caregiving responses exhibited by mothers and fathers. In particular, distinct and overlapping […]

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Health Technology Around the World

IntroductionWhat is Health Technology?A History of Health Technology and its AdvantagesHealth Technology in ChinaHealth Technology: Leveraging Blockchain in the USATelehealth Technology in GermanyThe Future of Healthcare TechnologyReferences Health technologies can support the implementation o effective national health and care systems. These are defined as data-enabled infrastructure that supports policy and planning. In addition, they can inform effective public health and […]

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Compassion Fatigue in Healthcare Professionals

IntroductionWhat are the Reasons for Compassion Fatigue?What are the Risk Factors for Compassion Fatigue?Preventing and Managing CFReferences Compassion fatigue – what is it? This term is being used frequently, in the backdrop of the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, with millions of people hospitalized over a few months during many successive waves of the pandemic. It refers to "a […]

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Using Real-World Data to Accelerate Healthcare

IntroductionWhat is Real World Data?Experimental Data vs. RWDDifficulties with RWDBenefits of RWD     Real-World Effectiveness     Drug Repurposing     Safety EvaluationWhat Lies Ahead for RWD?References Healthcare is more of an art than a science since people are so different from each other. Today's gold standard of safety, potency, and efficacy regarding healthcare practices is the randomized controlled trial (RCT). Yet […]

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What is Self-Perceived Health?

IntroductionWhy is self-perceived health an important indicator in the healthcare setting?Methodological strength of self-perceived healthWhat factors affect self-perceived health?ReferencesFurther reading Self-perceived health is defined as the perception of an individual's health in general. It is a subjective perception of how healthy an individual feels. Health is defined as not only the absence of injury or disease, but as a function […]

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What is Variegate Porphyria?

Variegate porphyria (VP) is an autosomal dominant condition that results from the deficiency of protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPOX, EC 1.3). The build-up of porphyrin precursors delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), and porphobilinogen (PBG) is observed in patients with VP. Photosensitivity and acute neurovisceral episodes are some common symptoms. Adult-onset cutaneous blistering lesions of sun-exposed skin, notably the hands and face, are the most […]

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Importance of Hand Hygiene in Healthcare

The majority of germs that cause serious infections in humans are transmitted by people’s actions. One of the effective means to prevent these infections is by practicing good hand hygiene. Several studies have indicated that healthcare providers clean their hands less than half of the time they should. This causes the transmission of healthcare-associated infections among hospitalized patients. It is […]

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Heuristic Decision Making in Medicine

Clinicians must make diagnostic treatment decisions using a large body of probabilistic information and process this information under the pressure of time and workload. The pressure of this task is thought to result in mental shortcuts, otherwise known as heuristic decision-making. Psychologists posit that to integrate probabilistic information, the cognitive process must be optimized during the decision-making process. Heuristics are […]

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