Long-term consequences of caesarean section
To study the advantages and disadvantages of Kaiser births
The number of caesarean sections has increased in recent years worldwide. The Sectio caesarea (Latin for caesarean section) has for the mother and the child are both advantages and disadvantages. In one study, it was summarized, which are the.
More and more caesarean births
Although it was reported a few years ago, that there are more and more caesarean births, and nearly every third birth takes place in Germany in this way, but now the Numbers are in Germany declined slightly. Worldwide, however, for several years. The advantages and disadvantages for mothers and babies. Which was now part of a comprehensive study evaluation with data of around 30 million women.
Increased risk for Miscarriage and stillbirth
Women who give birth by caesarean section, have apparently a lower risk that you get problems with the pelvic floor or incontinence suffering.
However, the risk increases with future pregnancies, Dead – births and miscarriages.
This is the result of a study that was recently published in the journal “PLOS Medicine”.
In the context of the meta-analysis, 79 studies were received, involving a total of almost 30 million women in part, be evaluated, and the physical long-term consequences of a caesarean section compared to vaginal births studied.
Number of caesarean births has doubled in Germany
“The number of caesarean births is increasing in the world,” reads the study. According to the researchers team led by Oonagh Keag from the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh (Scotland), was in Western Europe two years ago, 24.5 percent.
In North and South America, you have located 32-or 41 percent in the year 2016.
In Germany has doubled the proportion of caesarean sections to births between 1991 and 2016, according to data from the Federal Statistical office: The Rate, therefore, rose from 15.3 to 30.5 percent.
In the year 2015, a slightly declining Trend, however, showed for the first time after years.
Many women seem to have such a great fear of the labor and the birth process that you decide against a natural birth, and your child prefers on a previously set appointment at the SURGERY by caesarean section.
But there are also many medical reasons for a planned intervention. For example, if the Baby is in the pelvic position or the child seems to be for the maternal pelvis is too large.
However, the question of cesarean section or natural birth will be decided according to health experts, often in favor of the surgery.
For many clinics in Germany, this is apparently a lucrative business. You expect such births more often than Not-OPs, as an earlier analysis showed.
Little is known about the long-term is known to follow
Cesarean section births are not safe. Among the immediate risks of such interventions, infections, thrombosis and all the risks of surgery. According to the study authors, the majority of women were informed of these dangers.
About the possible long-term effects, only few know, however. To give the topic it is only a few meaningful studies.
The scientists were therefore put to work and by the existing scientific literature searched.
“Although previous systematic overview of individual results of work reviewed, we have found no other published Summaries, which summarize the evidence for all of the long-term risks and benefits of cesarean section for the mother, Baby, and subsequent pregnancies together,” says Oonagh E. Keag, according to a report from the portal, “Healio”.
“There is a lack of documented Evidence about the medium – to long-term consequences in women and their babies after a planned caesarean section or a planned vaginal birth,” said the researcher.
Lower Incontinence Risk
As the Experts in their analysis, accompanied by a cesarean section for the mothers in the long run with a lower risk of urinary incontinence.
In addition, it comes more rarely to a weakened pelvic floor, which can have a lowering of the uterus, and the vagina.
However, the cut is increased in women after a caesarean the risk that you have in the case of a new pregnancy, a Miscarriage or a stillbirth.
In addition, the risk of problems with the placenta increases.
Also, the length of time for the caesarean-born babies were studied follow.
The researchers found that children who came to the world, up to the age of twelve years, an increased risk for Asthma and to develop up to the age of five years are at increased risk of Obesity (obesity),.
In one study, Israeli researchers also showed that caesarean born babies are more likely to develop Diabetes.
Study results with caution enjoy
As the Portal “Medical Xpress” writes, based on the results of the current study predominantly on observational data.
Therefore, “can not be derived from causality and the results should be interpreted with caution. In addition, the authors were not able to analyze the data according to planned (elective) or emergency caesarean section“, – stated in the report.
Further research is needed to verify results. (ad)